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How to Differentiate Between I-Beam and H-Beam Steel

In the construction materials market, steel sections have become essential elements in the structure and construction of various projects. Among the common types such as U, V, I, and H beams, two of them – I-beam and H-beam – often cause confusion due to their similar shapes. However, the difference between them lies not only in their forms but also in crucial technical characteristics that determine their suitability for use. Let’s delve into each detail with Stavian to better understand how I-beam and H-beam steel differ.

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Detailed comparison of I-beam and H-beam steek

Comparing the Differences Between I-Beam and H-Beam Steel

Common Points:

  • Toe Bend Angle: Both I-beam and H-beam have a toe bend angle of 98 degrees.
  • Length and Thickness: The length and thickness of both types can vary depending on specific types, but they generally maintain these characteristics.

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I and H-beam steel have many easily-identified differences

Differentiating Points for Comparing I-Beam and H-Beam Steel

  • Leg Length: The leg of an H-beam is usually longer than that of an I-beam.
  • Body Thickness: H-beam has a thicker body, enhancing its load-bearing capacity. Conversely, I-beam usually has a thinner body, reducing weight but also load-bearing capacity.
  • Weight: H-beam is typically heavier due to its thicker body, while I-beam is lighter with a slimmer design.
  • Construction Applications: H-beam is preferred when strong load-bearing capacity is required, whereas I-beam is suitable for structures requiring light construction.
  • Manufacturing and Size: H-beam comes in various sizes and shapes, while I-beam has limitations in production size.
  • Structure: H-beam has widely spaced upper and lower flanges, whereas I-beam has closer upper and lower flanges.

These differences not only affect the choice between I-beam and H-beam steel but also determine the efficiency and safety of construction projects.

Learn more: What is I-beam steel?, What is H-beam steel?

Applications in the Construction Industry of I-Beam and H-Beam Steel

H-beam, with its significant horizontal load-bearing capacity, is commonly used in various constructions, from houses, pre-engineered structures to high-rise architectural projects, large overpasses, or floor barriers. This is due to its ability to withstand greater pressure compared to I-beam, making it an excellent choice when high load-bearing capacity is required.

Meanwhile, I-beam also has a wide range of applications similar to H-beam in constructions ranging from residential buildings, pre-engineered structures to high-rise buildings and overpasses. However, due to its lightweight and slim design, I-beam is often prioritized in projects requiring light structures without significant load pressure.

The choice between I-beam and H-beam often depends on the specific requirements of each project, determining which type is most suitable to ensure efficiency and safety during usage.

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H-Beam steel has a greater load-bearing capacity compared to I-Beam steel

Cost Comparison of I-Beam and H-Beam Steel

Due to its larger weight and structure, the cost of H-beam steel is generally higher than that of I-beam steel. This leads to higher consumption for H-beam steel compared to I-beam steel in the average market.

The price difference between these two types of steel depends on various factors, including specific sizes, quality, and market conditions. However, for an equivalent weight, properties, and size, the price of H-beam steel is usually higher due to more complex material requirements and production.

StavianWhere to Buy Quality I-Beam and H-Beam Steel – Stavian

In the diverse steel industry market, Stavian Industrial Metal Joint Stock Company stands out as a reliable destination for the needs of I-beam and H-beam steel. With trust from numerous customers and investors, Stavian holds a leadership position thanks to the following strengths:

  • Quality Assurance: All I-beam and H-beam steel products supplied by Stavian are genuine imports with a clear origin and valid CO/CQ, ensuring international standards and optimal quality.

  • Product Diversity: Having various types of steel beams helps investors choose the most suitable for their specific needs.

  • Attractive Deals: Stavian is committed to providing many special offers and discounts for large orders, along with maintaining favorable policies for subsequent orders.

  • Transportation Support: Stavian’s team supports free transportation directly to the construction site within approximately 100 km and has the best support policies for more distant locations to ensure maximum benefits for customers.

  • Pre-Payment Inspection: The pre-payment goods inspection process ensures that customers receive products according to the order, in sufficient quantity and quality.

  • Dealer Support: Stavian has a high discount policy and supports dealers while opening attractive commission opportunities for referrals.

With these commitments and flexible policies, Stavian has affirmed its position as a reputable and reliable address in the steel industry.

Learn more

Most detailed section steel size chart

Standard section steel size chart


In summary, the difference between I-beam and H-beam steel lies not only in structure and load-bearing capacity but also in applications and flexibility in construction projects. In the steel industry, Stavian Industrial Metal Joint Stock Company has scored points with reliability and quality in supplying various types of steel beams. With a range of advantages, product diversity, and quality commitments, Stavian has become a trustworthy choice for I-beam and H-beam steel needs. If you are looking for a reputable and quality supplier, Stavian is a reliable and professional option.

Stavian Industrial Metal Joint Stock Company


  • Headquarters: No.508 Truong Chinh Street, Nga Tu So Ward, Dong Da District, Hanoi City
  • Hai Phong Branch: 6th Floor, Thanh Dat 1 Tower, No.3 Le Thanh Tong Street, May To Ward, Ngo Quyen District, Hai Phong City
  • Southern Branch: 12Ath Floor, Vincom Center, No.72 Le Thanh Ton, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
  • Hotline: +84 2471001868 / +84975271499

Website: https://stavianmetal.com

Email: info@stavianmetal.com




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