Black-Rolled Steel: Technical Information, Applications, Price List

With its special properties and outstanding advantages, black rolled steel not only meets high demands for strength and hardness but also offers cost savings and optimized production processes. In the international market, black-rolled steel is highly regarded and widely used in various industries. Let’s delve deeper into the concept, manufacturing process, applications, quality standards, and leading manufacturers of black-rolled steel.

What is Black Rolled Steel?

Black rolled steel is created through a crushing process, which involves steel rolling at high temperatures (typically above 1700° F), higher than the steel’s recrystallization temperature. When the steel is above its recrystallization temperature, it can be easily shaped and formed, allowing for the production of much larger sizes. Black rolled steel is often more affordable than bright-drawn steel because it is usually produced without any delays in the process. Hence, there is no need to reheat the steel (as with bright-drawn steel). As the steel cools down, it will shrink slightly, resulting in less control over the size and shape of the finished product compared to bright-drawn steel.

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Black rolled steel is black or dark blue in color, as it is water quenched during the hot rolling process to turn the steel into its final form. It possesses excellent strength, durability, and high-temperature resistance. It finds extensive applications in various fields such as construction, manufacturing, oil and gas, and wastewater pipelines, among others.


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Composition of Black Rolled Steel:

In terms of chemical composition, black rolled steel typically contains main elements such as iron (Fe), carbon (C), manganese (Mn), and silicon (Si). The specific chemical composition may vary depending on the standards and requirements of the specific product. For industrial applications, besides the main elements, black rolled steel may also contain other elements such as aluminum (Al), sulfur (S), phosphorus (P), and various other trace elements.

The chemical composition of black rolled steel directly influences its mechanical properties, including hardness, strength, ductility, and corrosion resistance. Black-rolled steel manufacturers often adhere to standards and regulations regarding chemical composition to ensure the quality and consistency of their products.

Special Properties of Black Rolled Steel:

Black-rolled steel exhibits notable characteristics and properties that directly impact its use and applications in various industries.

Hardness and Ductility:

Black-rolled steel typically possesses high hardness while also maintaining a relatively good level of ductility. This allows it to withstand mechanical impacts and be easily processed.

Strength and Load-Bearing Capacity:

Black-rolled steel has high strength and excellent load-bearing capacity. It can endure significant pressure and heavy loads during its usage. This makes it suitable for applications that require high load-bearing capabilities, such as in construction and industrial manufacturing.

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Weldability and Machinability:

Black-rolled steel exhibits excellent weldability, making it easy to connect and assemble during the manufacturing process. It also has good machinability, allowing for cutting, bending, stamping, welding, and surface processing to meet various technical and design requirements.

Advantages and limitations of black rolled steel


Black-rolled steel possesses several significant advantages, making them a popular choice in various industries.

Affordability: One of the main advantages of black-rolled steel is its cost-effectiveness compared to other materials like stainless steel or aluminum. This makes it an ideal material for projects with budget constraints.

High Strength: black-rolled steel has excellent load-bearing capacity and high durability, resisting deformation and damage during usage. This makes them suitable for applications requiring heavy loads and high pressures.

Ease of Processing: They are easily processed, allowing for bending, cutting, punching, and welding with ease. This enhances flexibility and diversity in design and manufacturing.

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Cost-saving and production optimization: Not only does it possess superior physical properties, but it also brings economic benefits. With lower production and processing costs compared to other types of steel, the use of black rolled steel helps save production expenses, reducing the overall cost of the product. Moreover, its feasibility in application and ease of optimizing the production process contributes to increased efficiency and enhanced productivity.


Despite its numerous advantages, black-rolled steel also comes with some limitations that need to be considered.

Oxidation and rusting: Black rolled steel is susceptible to oxidation and rusting if not properly stored and surface-treated. This requires special attention to preservation and maintenance to avoid material deterioration and reduce its lifespan.

Welding properties: Some types of black rolled steel have poor welding properties, necessitating careful consideration of the welding process and techniques to ensure strong and high-quality connections.

Although there are certain limitations, the advantages of black-rolled steel remain prominent and noteworthy. Understanding both its strengths and limitations allows us to apply and utilize this material effectively.

Applications of black-rolled steel

Black rolled steel is a versatile material widely used in various industries. Below are some common applications of black-rolled steel:

Machinery and automotive industry:

Automobile and motorcycle manufacturing: Due to its high strength and hardness, black rolled steel provides durability and safety for vehicles. It is used in the production of vehicle frames and load-bearing components for automobiles and motorcycles. Industrial machinery: In the industrial sector, black rolled steel is used to manufacture machine parts, industrial tools, and other equipment.

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Industrial machinery: In the industrial sector, black-rolled steel is used to manufacture machine parts, industrial tools, and other industrial equipment.

Construction and engineering:

Structural steel production: Black rolled steel is the primary material used in the production of structural steel, including columns, beams, and frames.

Road bridges and tunnels: Black rolled steel is used in the construction of road bridges and tunnels, where load-bearing capacity and corrosion resistance are crucial factors.

Consumer goods manufacturing:

Household appliances: Thanks to its heat resistance, durability, and good heat transfer properties, black rolled steel is used in the manufacturing of household appliances such as pots, pans, cooking utensils, and other kitchen tools.

Furniture and building materials: In the market, black rolled steel is used to produce household items such as bed frames, wardrobes, shelves, and other building materials. With its strength, aesthetics, and ease of processing, it provides diversity and aesthetic appeal to these products.

With its numerous advantages and diverse applications, it is no surprise that black rolled steel has become an essential and indispensable material in various industries and fields worldwide. We hope this article has provided you with useful information, giving you a comprehensive overview of black rolled steel products.

Please feel free to contact us for consultation and the most accurate steel product quotations.

Stavian Industrial Metal Joint Stock Company


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